The following WpBA assessment tools are available for Training:

 TOOL CODE NUMBER OF TOOLS MAIN LEARNING OUTCOME DOMAINS ASSESSED Clinical Rating Scale (modified CEX) CRS 8 Clinical Assessment; Practical Refraction Case based Discussion CbD 1 Patient Investigation; Communication; Patient Management; Best Practice; Community Eye Health; Management and Leadership; Basic and Clinical Sciences Direct Observation of Procedural Skills DOPS 1 Practical Skills; Communication; Patient Investigation Objective Assessment of Surgical and Technical Skills Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric OSATS OSCAR 4 Surgical Skills; Communication Multi-source feedback (modified PAT) MSF 1 Communication; Best Practice

(TYA) guidance indicates when each WpBA should be achieved.The WpBA tools are available through the website to download for completion, validation by the trainer and can be stored in a paper-based portfolio/e-portfolio (when available). Guidance is available at your institution about who should be the assessor as not all assessments need to be performed by a consultant ophthalmologist. The target year of achievement

If a trainee does not complete an assessment successfully, the assessment tool will act as a useful source of feedback and allow preparation for a subsequent assessment. It therefore allows for both formative (developmental) and summative (competence) assessment. Trainees should be encouraged to undergo formative assessment regularly as part of their training and not see 'failure' at an assessment as a problem. Trainees should keep all assessment forms in their portfolio to show that they are obtaining appropriate feedback and making progress. A portfolio that only contains 'passed' assessments should be discouraged - there should be a "culture of deferred success". A variety of assessors should be used, and especially where two satisfactory assessments are required in any year these should be completed by different assessors where possible.